WHAT ELSE IS HIDDEN IN KASTA TUMULUS, MONUMENT, CRYPT OR SOMETHING ELSE ?
an article by Theodoros Spanelis
(see the Greek version here: http://www.xronometro.com/tsokas-kastas/)
A repetition of the already known announcements by the professor of geophysics at Thessaloniki’s University Gregory Tsokas was enough to rekindle the interest in what other supises the Kasta tumulus hides. And while the study of the known from the excavation of 2014 material, is not yet completed, we all expect new announcements. A wrong interpretation of what prof.G.Tsokas said on Wednesday 11/23/2016 at the Concert Hall auditorium at the Open University event, led to spread widely the conclusion – for delight of all friends of Amphipoli’ Tomb – that his team has identified a second monument! But what really Tsokas said? Maybe what professor didn’t say, but undoubtedly implied are the next great news for Amphipoli’s tomb ! Let’s see what brought to us the study of the data .
THREE POINTS OF INTEREST ( Photo 1)
In his speech, prof.G.Tsokas as main theme developed the means and methods used by the geophysical science to identify antiquities. Some of them already have been applied to the geophysical exploration of the Kasta tumulus, but also some who are quite specialized will operate, soon as the investigation will restart, unless those methods have been already used but the excavation team chose not to announce the results.
Let us focus firstly in the three points suggested by prof.G.Tsokas, which need to be excavated in order to establish whether they really manmade structures or a misleading game of nature at the measuring instruments.
1.The first point is located almost opposite the entrance of the already known monument with the two sphinxes. At this point, there is today a field with almond trees and already from last March during the annual Archaeological Conference, prof. G.Tsokas announced that there are two interesting structures there and additionally expressing the view that only excavation can give accurate information about the nature of these structures. However, on Wednesday, presenting the three-dimensional graph of the specific measurement, he revealed that it is very likely that what appears as semicircle, to be a retaining wall !!! (photo 2)
I have to note that «retaining wall» is a wall retaining soil accumulation for creating artificial elevated plateau (terrace=Ανδηρον).
If after all it turns out by the excavation that there is indeed a retaining wall, it was possibly part of the arrangement for smoothing and tall the ground to create a plateau in front of the monument, on which ancient residents of Amphipolis held some ceremonies and also created a way to have access to the monument . Morover if the excavation will prove the existence of a second structure in the center of the plateau, as clearly shown in this study, then possibly we have to do with a small temple or a place for ceremonies and sacrifices.
The value of this finding is particularly great as it gives a first impression of how it could have been in the ancient era the surrounding area of the monument !!! Here i have to add that to the disposal of the excavation team there are more other elements for the surrounding area and we hope to be presented soon.
2. The other two points suggested by the study of prof. Tsokas, are within the precinct of the Tumulus. One of them is known by January 2015 and i wonder what can the geological anomaly hide, the one which located a few meters west of the famous monument. Could be another tomb?. If it is a structure, surely its dimensions should be much smaller than the 25-meter long monument that’s been found. It would not be surprising if in fact the excavation will reveal a structure having dimensions of 3 x 3 meters !!! It could be a small tomb, but is it for other use?…
According to the scenario that was presented by the excavation team for the sealing of the burial monument, this was carried out by one of the last Macedonian kings, with predominant the Perseus, after the place was «swept» by the offerings and other valuable items. It is a fact that within the burial chamber hardly anything found , not only valuables but neither anything of the funeral items that accompanying a dead. Also one of the two heads of the Sphinx have not yet found , from the one which looked inwardly of the monument. Could they all have been collected in a crypt inside or around the monument?
In any case, the excavation team is seeking for this place according older relevant statements. Bear in mind the statements of the Italian archaeologist Antonio Corso to me for the existence of two other sites within the Tumulus (Revealing interview Antonio Corso for Amphipolis excavation: THERE ARE TWO ROOMS STILL IN THE KASTA HILL HIDING ANSWERS….http://www.xronometro.com/antonio-corso-xronometro/)
FROM THE KASTA TUMULUS TO THE CRYPT OF A PAGODA (Photo 3)
The real new information we recieved by prof.G.Tsokas was the presention of two specialized geophysical survey methods. The first one was developed by a Korean geophysical scientist, who is an associate of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and developed a geophysical method for identifying a cache in a building !! There was an example of how effective this method is to identify a cache in a pagoda !! Specifically in an ancient pagoda, the Korean scientist managed to identify with this particular geophysical method, ashes of the deceased founder of the temple, offerings and other objects, valuable for historical research.
FROM THE KASTA TUMULUS TO «EFPALINION» TRENCH (photo 4)
The second specific method presented by prof.G. Tsokas, applied by himself at the «Efpalinion» trench at the island of Samos, in order to discover what was behind the lining of the trench so to identify the points that were causing moisture. This method allowed him to accurately record the geological picture behind the walls !!
I wonder why these two methods have not applied to the Kasta Tumulus. Unless they have been and no results have yet been announced !!! In any case, those methods provide the ability to scan the entire enclosure from the visible side, as well as from the inside of the monument. If we take for granted that the monument has received at least three different construction procedures,(as officially the excavation team stated) maybe a scan of the interior walls and of the descent stair , will give information on the original form or on the existence of a crypt. Bear in mind that in the past had been said for too many possibilities for the existence of cache in various parts of the monument, which is not the time to mention, as this is a matter under the authorisation prof.G.Tsokas as it is if he has conducted this kind of investigation. Although our information is that the Korean scientist visited the Kasta tumulus at Amphipolis and took measurements !!!
3. The third point of interest that was identified by Tsokas, is also known as it has been announced at the conference of AEMTH last March in Thessaloniki. This is an ancient gorge that was detected at the east side of the Kasta tumulus and has a direction from the periphery of the hill to its center. It was covered with soil during the construction of the tumulus. The perseverance of prof.Tsokas stressing in every case the need for excavation action, because this action may conceal a heightened interest, or rather the expectation that may be associated with an entrance to a basement beneath the Lion platform.( dr.M.Lefantzis the head architect of the excavation team struggles to prove that the lion of Amphipolis was at the top of the hill) . Possibly it could also have been an ancient place of worship in a cavitation that was detached afterwards and as did occured with the landfills at the top of the hill. It would not be surprising if the excavation will reveal an origin monument dedicated to the Thracian king Rhesus( a mythical person worshiped in local cults or a sealed entrance to an underground chamber beneath the Lion pedestal, as assumed by Dimitrios Lazaridis the main archaeologist who acted at Kasta hill since the 1960’s. (What reveals a collaborator of Dimitris Lazaridis for the excavations, what he says and his thoughts and assumptions made about the hidden secrets of the great Tomb…see here…http://www.xronometro.com/amfipolis-lazaridis-2/).
WHAT ELSE IS HIDDEN IN KASTA TUMULUS, MONUMENT, CRYPT OR SOMETHING ELSE ?